Publish dateWednesday 9 April 2008 - 11:17
Story Code : 36500
Pir Sayyid Ahmad Gialani, leader of Qaderi faction which is one of Sufism factions, set up Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan under designation of.........
Pir Sayyid Ahmad Gialani, leader of Qaderi faction which is one of Sufism factions, set up Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan under designation of "Islamic National Front of Afghanistan" in Pakistan on 12/12/1357, then was registered in Justice ministry in 1382 with a new statute and articles of association following approval of political parties' law by Hamed Karzai. Sayyid Ahmad Gilani was reelected as the leader of Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan during a gathering on 20/11/1382 by originators council of the party prior to its registration.   Sayyid Ahmad Gilani offspring of Sayyid Hassan Gilani  known as Naqib Saheb, was born on 20/2/1311 in governing center of Sorkh Dareh located in Nangarhar province and graduated from religious law college of Kabul University in 1343. He descends from Sheikh Abdulqader Gilani know as Qausul Azam Dastgir, leader of one of Sufism factions, and hereditarily, the leadership of this faction has been entitled to him. Sayyid Ahmad Gilani was a close member of Zaher Shah during his monarchy; however despite being a religious person he was not considered a religious figure.   Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan led by Gilani was a monarchist and moderate one during Jehad priods and a member of heptad union of Mojahedin who were settled in Pakistan. This party and National Rescue Front have been known to be a shelter for liberal and secular of pro-West members throughout Jehad and resistance periods who have been used at any levels concerning the credibility and name of this party at any times and especially after Bon conference and establishment of the new government. Professing Islamic beliefs and ideas, Front Party and National Rescue Front are actually supporting secular and non-religious Zaheher Shah and current Regime's systems that are securing the United States and the West's interests called American Islam by anti-tyranny people, not a radical Islamic system. There is a context about Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan in Commencement and Consequences of Political Movements book that says " Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan, Islamic Society party, National Rescue Front, Islamic Revolution Movement and Mulavi Khales Islamic Party formed a coalition under the designation of Islamic Union for Afghanistan Freedom in Sawr 1359 whose head was Professor Sayyaf and his deputy was Sebqatollah Mojaddady. After some time, Gilani, Mulavi Mohammadi, Mulavi Khales and Sebqatollah Mojaddady left the Union. Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan merged with Jehadi Parties located in Pishawar under the name of "Islamic Union of Afghanistan Mojahedin" in early 1360, but left the Union in the month of Jawza of the same year forming another league under the same name with National Rescue Front and Islamic Revolution Movement which became famous as Triple Union later on. Eventually, seven principle Jehadi Parties including Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan were forced by Pakistan to form a coalition under the title of Islamic Union of Afghanistan Mojahedin which was recognized as heptad union on 27 Sawr 1364. Sayyid Ahmad Gilani took part in the conference of Islamic countries' foreign ministers in Morocco as spokesman of heptad union in Jadi (Dey) 1364. In 1365, when professor Rabani was the spokesman, Gilani, Mojaddadi, Mohammadi and two other members of heptad union under Rabani's supervision were invited by secretary of states of American and went to the United States meeting Ronald Regan the ruling president of the country.  Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan was a member in temporary government of heptad Union formed in Pakistan on 12/12/1366 and Gilani, one again became the periodical head of heptad Union in 1367, then was appointed as head of Justice Minister of Mojahedin government during consultative council in Ravelpendi, however, the temporary government was called unlawful subsequent to deterioration of internal disagreements in heptad Union in 1368. Pakistani and Afghan common body in which were the summits and representatives of moderate parties including Sayyid Ahmad Gilan negotiated with representatives of Kabul regime in Geneva in Sawr 1370. Later on it was revealed that Gilani had met Dr, Najbullah on his own. Finally, these confidential meetings and conversations led heptad Union to disintegration. Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan was also a member of leadership and Jehadi councils of 51 members and according to a plan by Nawazsharif, Pakistani prime-minister and Saudi Arabia's representative to form Mojahedin government after the collapse of Communist Regime on 4 Sawr, 1371, some members of these councils were give governmental including foreign ministry positions. Islamic National Front forces, Sayyaf, Mulavi Mohammadi's Revolution Movement, Mulavi Khales and other forces took actions against Shiites during the clashes among Islamic Unity Party led by Mazari, Islamic Unity of Sayyaf and Ahmad Shah Masood's forces in Kabul which started on 12/3/1371. This religious and tribal union did not take a long time and National Front rejected the ratified laws of solution and confirmation council (shorayeh Hal va Aghd)protesting against Rabani's government. The leader of National Front signed Islam Abad agreement which was compiled in nine points with the presence of Pakistani, Saudi Arabian officials and Iranian mission among involved Afghan groups in winter of 1371, but then, he remained impartial during the clashes between Islamic Party and Islamic Society forces, moreover, he did not officially and openly show any disagreement to Pakistan's intervention into Afghanistan's affairs nor to Taliban's dominance over the country. Although, national Front was not Pro-Taliban but its military and manpower were at the service of Taliban. In 1377, Pir Sayyid Ahamd Gilan and Sebqatollah Mojaddadi strived to form a third group called "National Unification and Peace Assembly of Afghanistan" as an alternative of Taliban and North United Front but were not successful. Once more, Gilani established a gathering with the assistance of Pakistan and composed of his Pashton supporters on the threshold of Bon conference on 2/8/1380, in which he announced his support of Zaher Shah as well as criticizing the agreement in Rome for division of power equally between Zaher Shah and North United Front. Sayyid Ahamd Gilani's representatives were present in Bon conference, in Temporary Government some ministers including Minister of Finance were form National Front, in spite of that on 16/9/1380 he declared that the allocation of positions were not proportional" (1)   The Statute of Islamic National Front Party of Afghanistan has been compiled in seven chapter and sixty two articles and its organizational structure includes: general assembly, leadership mission, high council, executive council, secretariat, central commissions, and provincial councils, governing council, regional and local councils. Responsibilities and duties of National Front members have been stated in chapter four, article six and 50th point of its statute which says "Complete acquisition of Islam principles, Afghan culture, national history, Democracy and defense of their beliefs and desire under the protection of this principle."   1- Commencement and Consequences of Political Movements in Afghanistan, pages 343-347   
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