Historian, writer and intellectual, Faiz Mohammed "Hazara" was among the renown group of Afghans seeking social and political changes in the country........
Historian, writer and intellectual, Faiz Mohammed "Hazara" was among the renown group of Afghans seeking social and political changes in the country, at the beginning of the 20th century. He was a member of what became known as Junbish-i Mashrutiyat or The Constitutionalist Movement.
He is the son of Sa'eed Mohammed Hazara of Ghazni province of Afghanistan. Born in Qarabaq, Ghazni in 1279 Lunar year, Mullah Feiz Mohammad Kateb passed away in 1349 Lunar year in Kabul. 24th of September, 2007 (2nd of Mizan 1386 LHY) was contemporary with 78th anniversary of Mullah Feiz Mohammad Kateb Hazara’s death, the immortal and permanent teacher in the history of Afghanistan. Being a religious undertaking figure, he lived for about seventy years, and wrote many precious works. His unpublished works written by his nice Naste-aligh handwriting are present inside and outside Afghanistan. Faiz Mohammed is, perhaps best known for his history book of Afghanistan called "Sarajul Tawarikh", which provides one of the best references on the 19th century Afghanistan history.
The book was written by the encouragement of the court of Amir Habibullah Khan. He was a court clerk, initially, thus the title of Kateb (clerk) in his name. Faiz Mohammed was also the biographer of the Amir. Amir Habibullah Khan imprisoned him in Sherpur for his political activities and his role in the Constitutionalists Movement. But was soon released by the Amir due to their personal friendship and for having labored to author the famous 'Sirajul Tawarikh'. Beside Sirajul Tawarikh (5 volumes), he worte the following books:
1-Tuhfatul Habib: Afghan History (1747-1880), in two volumes. (The original script, hand-written by Faiz Mohammed, exists in the National Archive in Kabul)
2- Faiz-i az Fayoozat
3- Tazkeratul Enqilaab: accounts of the days of Habibullah, Bacha-e Saqaw
4- History of Ancient Prophets/Rulers, from Adam to Jesus (in Dari)
Kateb Hazara proceeded writing history as ordered by an Emir. Mullah Feiz Mohammad Kateb was a person who has described the situations of his time elaborately, particularly he has expressed the depth of oppression, religious and tribal discriminations which were applied by sectarian rulers, it means he has not limited his writing to description of Emirs and Khans around him, this is why he was criticized and mistreated by sectarians, influential and monarchy system, Amanullah Khan, accused of treason. Probably, he was aware that principle historians and Eastern-legists will choose his works as credible source. Competent figures such as Qulam Mohammad Qubar, Ludwick Adamc, Baslui Dupri have frequently benefited the sources.
In 1929, Habibullah, Bacha-e Saqaw, issued a decree on the names of the renown Shi'ites of Kabul such as Mohammed Ali Jauntier Chandawali, Qazi Shuhaab, Khalifa Mohmmed Hussein, Ustad Gholam Hassan, and Faiz Mohammad Kateb Hazara. They were asked to travel to Dai-Zangi and obtain the support of the Hazara populace in that area. But the Hazara people refused to do so, and the Shi'ite leaders of Kabul city returned without any success.
The disappointed Amir Habibullah then order them to be punished for failing in their mission. In the result of the brutal beating, Mulla Faiz Mohammad Kateb Hazara got sick for a few days, but later died on Wednesday, 4th-Ramadhan.
Mullah Feiz Mohammad Kateb is considered the father of modern Afghanistan history-writers, and subsequent historians have often used his writings. Additionally, he was one of the pioneers of The Constitutionalist Movement in the country, Afghanistan liberalists are in debts for his efforts. Feiz Mohammad Kateb has with his writing ability, recorded significant points which have had prominent effects in political and national fate our country. This is how he has done his duty and mission as a historian, and probably the historians in his time were not able to do so.
Source: Khavarn Site, (with edition and addition)